We’ve all heard that the laws of thermodynamics say that a machine cannot produce more energy than it runs on. But that is only true using closed system thermodynamics. In 1977 a Nobel Prize was awarded for the discoveries of Open-System Thermodynamics, where environmental inputs can add to user inputs to produce super efficient systems. Therefore, we CAN and DO have machines that can produce more energy than we have to supply and no laws of physics are broken.
By Peter Lindemann.
Part of the 2013 Energy Science & Technology Conference series (100 mins).