The Extraluminal Transmission Systems Of Tesla And Alexanderson
There was so much interest in the publication of my book in 2013, titled “Wireless Giant Of The Pacific“, it became obvious that people wanted more. This lecture is my response.
The objective here is to review the complete history of signal propagation from its earliest beginnings and to develop a “transmission theory” that includes both the electro-magnetic as well as the electro-static methodologies.
Our modern world depends on our ability to send and receive information quickly from one place to another. We’ve all heard that these signals are moving around at the “speed of light.” I review how these ideas became established and reveal some astonishing discoveries along the way.
You see, there are two different ways of looking at electricity when it comes to wireless signal distribution. One is based on the “electro-motive-force” associated with magnetism, and the other is the “displacement current” associated with dielectricity. Today’s methods focus mostly on the EMFs of magnetism and ignore the displacement currents of dielectricity. This creates an unbalanced system with significant limitations.
Only when both processes are equally involved can you create a balanced system. From this basis, I then go on to describe the terms that are used to characterize “transmission systems” in general, with the principle functions being “inductance” and “capacitance.”
To show this development in its proper historic perspective, I begin with the experiments of Stephen Gray in 1730, and show the progression of ideas through Benjamin Franklin, Mahlon Loomis, Heinrich Hertz, Nikola Tesla, Guglielmo Marconi, Reginald Fessenden, Walter Massie and Oliver Heaviside. There were other significant contributors, as well.
From this foundation, I use diagrams to establish the Michael Faraday – J. J. Thompson “lines of force” theory and then use that theory as a model to show how electrification orients itself in the different types of transmission configurations. This study is important because it demonstrates the relationship between the way the lines of force are directed and the direction of the propagation of the signals that are generated.
This method establishes the basic building blocks of a “transmission network” and the different configurations involved in electro-magnetic and electro-static propagation, as well as the different characteristics of transverse and longitudinal signals as they move through these networks.
Since actual working models of different transmission systems can be built and bench tested from this method, actual test results can replace mathematical calculations as a means to study these phenomena. The term “analog computer” is used to describe these models because direct measurements and computations can be made anywhere within the model during its operation.
I then move beyond the theory of how to do this and present actual working models and data with numerical values for given currents, voltages, and power flows through the transmission networks. No one has ever done this before!!
I finish by showing the complete electrical characteristics of the various transmissions systems used in the last 100 years. This includes the later Marconi systems, the Tesla system, and the later Alexanderson systems used at New Jersey, California, and Hawaii. This is the first time in history that this complete method of analysis has ever been revealed.
With this process, the electrical characteristics of any transmission system can be modelled, studied, perfected, scaled-up, and implemented on an industrial scale.
(Description by Eric Dollard)
Part of the 2014 Energy Science & Technology Conference series (downloadable video).
Eric Dollard’s Telluric Research
In 2007, the San Francisco Tesla Society visited me at my research facility in Landers, California. I insisted that we film a documentary covering the technology because it was about to be taken from me.
This was to include my research into earthquake detection and the general monitoring of longitudinal, electro-static signals emanating from the earth. This video tour documents the facility and the scientific achievement it represented.
This facility represents almost three generations of work starting with George Van Tassel at the Integratron, which is located next to this Landers Facility. The land owner Walter J. Deroche had commissioned me after the Integratron was taken from me and I needed another place to continue the work. So this began on Walter’s property roughly 1000 feet from the Integratron.
Walter’s idea was to build our own Naval Communications facility based on the materials that were moved from the RCA Station in Bolinas, California to Landers. This was a dream that we had both shared. At that point, I continued the research of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) on Walt’s property.
Ample assistance of materials were provided by Walt’s friends and associates who worked in the aerospace and telecom companies in the Southern California area. And much of the equipment was hand made by me from surplus gathered in the Los Angeles area.
Based on my knowledge that I gained from the Navy and Bell Telephone, I was able to build this equipment exactly to their specifications as can be seen in the photographs. The parts inventory that I gathered was massive. This derived from my 20 years of working in the surplus business in Los Angeles. (One part of the lifelong effort.)
Over a course of time, one of the biggest communications research installations in private hands grew out of this effort.
Under suspicious circumstances, Walt died but in the course of his passing had willed the installation to myself and the telephone line foreman who helped me build the place. Unbeknownst to me, efforts were made behind the scenes to tamper with the paperwork and the will. Eventually, the property wound up in the hands of an Olen Bales at which point a $250,000 ransom was demanded or he would destroy the station.
When the money was not forthcoming, Owen declared me a squatter and had the legal system remove me from my own installation and the facility was looted of all of my property, possessions and equipment at which point I became destitute in Lone Pine.
Considering that the installation was the most advanced “listening station” ever built outside of the control of the military, its loss was catastrophic and irreplaceable.
So, what was there? This film is a complete tour of the facility with me explaining the scientific significance of each and every component filmed. This includes the “antenna farm” which held Broadband High Frequency Antennas, Broadband Low Frequency Antennas, a Marconi Antenna, a Rhombic Antenna, an Earth Signal Antenna consisting of a Beverage Antenna and an Alexanderson Antenna in tandem.
It also had a stereo broadcast and receiving antenna for the entire high frequency band with worldwide range of reception. It allowed for the determination of the directional origin of the signals, which were heard in stereo. In effect, the Earth became a concert hall of enormous proportions. Unfortunately, before much of this could be recorded, the station was lost.
And then there was the Lightning Indicator system which measured the voltage gradient between the local sky and the ground, and set off an alarm when lightning was about to strike nearby.
For listening to signals in the earth, there was a series of sensitive microphones buried around the property, as well as the Alexanderson Antenna that consisted of a loaded pair of “above ground” and “below ground” lines that were compensated to eliminate speed of light propagation rate limitations. Each of these antennas is shown and explained out in the field, so you can see for yourself the physical structures used to accomplish these technologies.
All of these antennas produced their characteristic signals, all of which were routed back to a central signal processing area after going through an initial “lightning arrestor” filter. Then, each signal could be selected for individual monitoring. Most of these signals were entering this area in the micro-volt range. These signals were then filtered to eliminate noise and interference, and then amplified back up to their original levels. Further amplification stages carefully brought the signals up to the kilovolt power levels.
After this, the signals could be amplified to be listened to through headphones, or through loud speakers, they could be viewed on oscilloscopes, or used to activate chart recorders, or even close relays to sound alarms. They could also be piped into a telephone line to be played to anyone else who was listening. And all of these output systems were completely compensated so they did not load the initial signal from the antennas in any way.
The entire facility was operated on battery supplies that were 100% isolated from the local utility. The signal processing was all done in the native, analog modem to preserve the fundamental character of the signals. There were no digital computers involved in the signal processing; only analog computers were used.
Many considered the design to be beyond brilliant, and much of the facility was operational. The last section includes over 20 minutes of listening to signals from the Alexanderson Antenna while watching them on an oscilloscope.
If you have understood the scientific significance of my presentation The Extraluminal Transmission Systems Of Tesla And Alexanderson, then here is your only chance to see a fully functioning system in action with a full technical description. My book about the Wireless Giant of the Pacific tells about how this technology works, but this film shows one of these systems actually working!
It’s hard to understand how historically important this film is, because it is the only detailed record of this facility ever made. Technically, the film has some weaknesses, like during the tour of the Antenna Field, the wind came up a bit and played havoc with the microphones. Even through this, my periodic comments reveal priceless details of the structures and their operation. Over all, the film may leave you breathless once you comprehend the scope and magnitude of the facility and what it represents. What you will see is the scope and function of the Landers Facility, which at the time was the culmination of my life’s work!
(Description by Eric Dollard. 240 mins video download)