A physicist from Temple University, Rongia Tao, was tasked with a challenge, which was to get chocolate to flow through machinery without clogging it. Normally, it requires a certain amount of fat to get the chocolate to flow. This was funded by Mars, Inc. which is a large candy corporation that makes M & M’s and other popular candy.
Cocoa solids are like little balls and no matter how close you pack them, there is still all that space that surrounds the points that don’t touch. And this random scattering of these solids leads to a higher viscosity or thickness.
By producing an electric field and pouring chocolate through it, the cocoa solids aligned into longer, thinner chains that allowed them to be packed closer together and the viscosity reduces thereby requiring even less fat to be added. Because there is less fat, the cocoa solids stick out more and more of a chocolate taste.
Here is the published study: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/06/16/1605416113
What is important about this technology is that it is rooted in another method developed by the same physicist, which is to apply an electric or magnetic field to crude oil in order to reduce its viscosity while traveling through pipelines. This is used by the oil industry to save on pumping costs – up to 75% savings have been shown.
Many that are conventionally trained claim that a magnetic or electric field cannot have any influence on hydrocarbon molecules, paraffin in diesel, etc. since they’re not dipole molecules like water.
Well, here is a Temple University developed electrostatic and magnetic method for reducing the viscosity of oil, which these skeptics claim is impossible – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228987085_Reducing_the_Viscosity_of_Crude_Oil_by_Pulsed_Electric_or_Magnetic_Field
This direct link downloads a PDF of the above linked to paper: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rongjia_Tao/publication/228987085_Reducing_the_Viscosity_of_Crude_Oil_by_Pulsed_Electric_or_Magnetic_Field/links/00463521d2e746a6f9000000.pdf?origin=publication_detail
Here is a whole compilation of articles about Dr. Tao’s work that goes back many years. http://rexresearch.com/tao/tao.htm